Tokyo Games will feature 339 events in 50 different sports this month.
Six of the 50 sports are brand new to the Olympics. Tokyo has 3-on-3 basketball, BMX freestyle, karate, skateboarding, sport climbing and surfing, all of which were put on at the Summer Olympics in hopes of attracting a young demographic.
Here is a brief look at the new sports taking place at the Games.
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There will be men’s and women’s sides for the 3-on-3 basketball event in Tokyo. The game is played with three players on each side of a half court, with each team shooting on a hoop. Just like in some playgrounds, any shot made beyond the three-point line will act as two points, and any shot inside the arc will act as a point.
“The winner is the team with the highest score at the end of the 10-minute period, or the first team to reach 21 points. If the result is a draw after 10 minutes, the game goes into overtime with the first team to score. two points named winner, “according to Olympics.com.
BMX freestyle for men and women has its first appearance in the Games. Each participant has two 60-second races, and five judges give the participant a score between 0 and 99.99 based on the difficulty of the race.
There is a seeding score and a final round. Seeding score is the average of the two scores to give the rider a total. Seeding score determines the order of the cyclists in the final. In the final lap, the better score counts on the two runs.
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Karate makes its first appearance in the Olympics. It is the one new sport that will be played exclusively in the Tokyo Games. Men and women will compete in kata (forms) and Kumite (sparring).
Kata demonstrations cause the competitor to target a virtual opponent and demonstrate a series of offensive and defensive maneuvers. Key factors in scoring include “strength, speed, rhythm, balance and power of strikes and kicks; solidity, clarity and power of movement; and the correct expression of the importance of each technique with beautiful, fluid motion,” according to OL .com.
In Kumite, two karatekas meet during a 3-minute match. “A competitor wins by collecting eight points more than their opponent during the match or by winning more points than their opponent,” according to Olympics.com. In a draw, the competitor who scores first wins, and if it is a goalless draw, the judges decide a winner.
Men’s Kumite has the categories 67-, 75- and + 75 kg. Kumite for women has the categories 55-, 61- and + 61 kg.
Skateboarding will perform for the first time in Tokyo this summer. There will be men’s and women’s competitions and they will compete in park and street events.
The park track contains bowls, ramps, a round rail and a square rail. The street track consists of several rails and stairs with a handful of ramps that skaters can do tricks.
Scores are awarded based on the difficulty and originality of the tricks performed during the race.
Men’s and women’s sports climbing debuts in Tokyo. The event includes three different disciplines: speed, bouldering and lead.
Quick Climb pits two competitors against each other to see who can climb up a 15 meter wall the fastest. In bouldering, competitors scale a “number of fixed routes on a 4.5-meter wall at a given time,” according to Olympics.com. While in lead, athletes will try to climb a 15 meter wall as high as possible within a certain time.
Each climber will compete in all three categories. “The final ranking is determined by multiplying the position in each discipline where the athletes achieve the lowest scoring medals,” according to the Olympic website.
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Male and female competitors will surf on Shidashita Beach to see who can get on the podium.
The board events start with four- and five-person heats, and the main rounds will have two-person heats where the winners advance. The two highest scoring waves count in their total number, and riders are allowed up to 30 minutes to compete or ride a maximum of 25 waves.
Competitors score on “key elements of engagement and difficulty, innovative and progressive maneuvers, combinations of larger maneuvers, various maneuvers and speed, power and flow”, according to the Olympic website.