COMPASS.com – Since Wednesday 30 July 2021, the registration for Candidates for Civil servants (CPNS) has been officially opened. But not only for CPNS, there is also recruitment for Government employees with an employment contract or PPPK (P3K).
In addition to PNS and PPPK, in the government bureaucratic system, there is another term for the State Civil Apparatus or ASN.
So what exactly is the difference between ASN, PNS and PPPK?
Also read: Full list of retirement salaries for civil servants in 2021
Definition of ASN
Briefly, Dwi explained that ASN actually covers PNS and PPPK. This means that all PNS or PPPK are part of the ASN.
“There is a mandate in Law No. 5 of 2014 on State Equipment for Civil Use, where the law states that there is such a thing as ASN consisting of PNS and PPPK (Government Employees with Employment Contracts),” said the drafter of the Legislation Directorate of de BKN, Dwi Haryono in the BKN Talk program broadcast on the YouTube account #ASNKiniBeda, Thursday (25/3/2021).
PNS is an ASN employee who has been appointed as a permanent employee by the Personnel Development Officer (PPK) and who is employed nationwide.
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Meanwhile, PPPK, referring to Law (UU) No. 5 of 2014 on Civilian Appliances (ASN), is appointed and employed in accordance with a term determined in accordance with the needs of government agencies and the provisions of the law.
PPPK is entered into for a minimum of one year and can be extended by a maximum of 30 years, depending on the situation and conditions.
Also read: Create and register an account for CPNS 2021 at www.sscasn.bkn.go.id
Civil servants have a number of rights, such as:
- Salary, fringe benefits and facilities
- Pension and old-age insurance jaminan
- Competency Development Protection
PPPK has the same rights as civil servants except for provisions, pensions and old age benefits.
BKN does try to ensure that PPPK employees receive a pension.
“We discussed with PT Taspen that if we want PPPK to lower his pension, we hope to get a pension. It is under discussion. If it can, PPPK and PNS will be the same,” BKN head Bima Haria Wibisana said on March 29, 2020.
Salary The rules regarding the salary of civil servants are governed by Government Ordinance (PP) Number 15 of 2019 concerning the Eighteenth Amendment to Government Ordinance Number 7 of 1977.
Meanwhile, PPPK salary is regulated in Presidential Regulation Number 98 of 2020.
Also Read: Many CPNS and PPPK applicants are confused by educational qualifications, this is the answer from BKN
Moreover, the third difference is that civil servants cannot directly occupy a high position in government. Because they have to start from the bottom up in stages. This does not now apply to employees who enter via the PPPK channel.
“If a civil servant wants to be in a high position, he has to start at the bottom, but PPPK does not. Instead, PPPK can directly apply for a high position,” says the author of the legislation at the Legislative Directorate of the Council of State. BKN, Dwi Haryono.
PPPK will be able to fill 3 clusters of functions: certain functional, high leadership positions and other functions determined by the Ministry of Empowerment of Civil State Equipment and Bureaucratic Reform (Kemenpan RB).
For senior leadership positions, ASN PPPK can fill the first and middle levels directly, without having to go through a long career path like civil servants.
As for other functions assigned by the RB Kemenpan, Dwi explained that these functions are outside the structural functions but still fulfill the functions of government management.
Also read: What are the differences and similarities between PNS and PPPK?
Why are there officials and PPPK?
Then the question arises why a distinction should be made between PNS and PPPK. Why are not all made the same, namely civil servants.
In response to the question, Dwi explained that the recruitment was done through the PPPK because of the background of the need.
“On the one hand, the need for human resources, especially ASN, is quite high, this is what the government wants to do, both recruiting through the PNS channel which has certain restrictions (including the maximum age of registrants), using the PPPK channel,” said Dwi.
“Hopefully the needs of government agencies, especially ready-to-use, non-age professional personnel, can be served, met and bridged,” he explained.
(Source: Kompas.com/Luthfia Ayu Azanella, Muhammad Idris | Editors: Rizal Setyo Negoro, Muhammad Idris)